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2 edition of Physico-chemical factor influencing fermentation of polysaccharides in the gut. found in the catalog.

Physico-chemical factor influencing fermentation of polysaccharides in the gut.

Sheena McKinney

Physico-chemical factor influencing fermentation of polysaccharides in the gut.

by Sheena McKinney

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Published by The author] in [S.l .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph. D.) - University of Ulster, 2003.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18781086M

Another factor influencing the composition of gut microbiota is the type of diet. In this instance, the effect depends on presence of fat, vegetables, fruits, saturated and unsaturated fats, etc.. European children prefer western diet, which comprises of low dietary fiber and high animal protein and saturated ://   Factors influencing nutrient requirements are described in relevant chapters of this primates and are less likely to produce digestive disturbances as a consequence of excessively rapid microbial fermentation in the lower gut. Variable effects on lipids, proteins, and minerals have been noted (Camire et al., ); much of this variability

Such mechanisms place fiber fermentation by the gut microbiota as a causative factor in obesity. Still, as previously remarked, there is a lack of consistency, different studies show contrasting results by finding either no correlation between fiber and weight gain/obesity, a reverse trend or effects to be substrate dependent [ 12–14 ].   Basics of gut microbiology Microbial colonization occurs throughout the length of the human gut from the oral cavity to the rectum. The density of colonization and the composition of the resident microbial communities, however, differ markedly between anatomical sites and depend on transit rates, host secretions, environmental conditions, substrate availability, and the organization of the gut  › 百度文库 › 互联网.

Now-a-days, the focus is to use fermentation technology for waste utilization, production of flavour, colour, enzymes and other bio-preservatives. The biggest factor in the enhanced interest in processed food products is due to the role these play in combating several diseases. The nutraceutical foods are increasingly becoming a part of human ://   Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics: Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion reviews and presents new hypotheses and conclusions on the effects of different bioactive components of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics to prevent disease and improve the health of various populations. Experts define and support the actions of bacteria; bacteria modified bioflavonoids and prebiotic fibrous


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Physico-chemical factor influencing fermentation of polysaccharides in the gut by Sheena McKinney Download PDF EPUB FB2

Solubility in water is an important factor influencing physico-chemical properties and fermentability of hydrocolloids (Schneeman, ). As shown in Fig. 1, drying methods and conditions cause different levels of thermal damage and therefore had a significant impact on solubility of APP (p   The physico-chemical attributes of a food matrix can affect the efficiency of the physical and biochemical processes of digestion ().In order for the macronutrients contained in a food to be digested, they need to be in contact with the digestive secretions (i.e.

enzymes) – for example, in plant tissues, this could occur either by rupture of the cell walls and release of nutrients into the Request PDF | Dietary Polysaccharides: Fermentation Potentials of a Primitive Gut Ecosystem | The alimentary canal of the earthworm is representative of primitive gut ecosystems, and gut The chemical properties and probiotic effects of FBTPS-3 were evaluated by fermentation in vitro.

Moreover, the effects of FBTPS-3 on the function and metabolic pathway of gut microbiota were   The diverse microbial community that inhabits the human gut has an extensive metabolic repertoire that is distinct from, but complements the activity of mammalian enzymes in the liver and gut mucosa and includes functions essential for host digestion.

As such, the gut microbiota is a key factor in shaping the biochemical profile of the diet and, therefore, its impact on host health and ://   M w between and kDa were measured for three out of four samples.

Thibault, Renard, Axelos, Roger, and Crépeau () characterized a commercial apple sample for its M w by multi-angle laser LS and [η] with an Ubbelohde M w value, 89 kDa, was rather low compared to those presented in this work, whereas their [η], dl/g, was well in agreement with the   Ellis PR, Rayment P, Wang Q ().

A physico-chemical perspective of plant polysaccharides in relation to glucose absorption, insulin secretion Twenty-three water dams located in the Iberian Pyrite Belt were studied during March (early spring) in order to carry out an environmental assessment based on diatom communities and to define the relationships between these biological communities and the physico-chemical characteristics of the dam surface water.

This is the first time that a diatom inventory has been done for dams Talaromyces albobiverticillius is a marine-derived pigment producing filamentous fungus, isolated from the La Réunion island, in the Indian Ocean. The objective of this study was to examine and optimize the submerged fermentation (SmF) process parameters such as initial pH (4–9), temperature (21–27 °C), agitation speed (– rpm), and fermentation time (0– h), for Online retailer of specialist medical books, we also stock books focusing on veterinary medicine.

Order your resources today from Wisepress, your medical bookshop   The crude AP was frozen in a −80 °C (Dairei, Japan) and dried in a freeze dryer at −55 °C for 30 h (Christ, alpha 1–2 LD plus, UK). The polysaccharides obtained from acorn seed by air, vacuum and freeze drying were named AP-H, AP-V and AP-F, respectively.

Chemical characterization of extracted polysaccharide PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF MAIZE COBS. Maize cobs fall under the lignocellulose biomass classification; characterized by a close intertwining of cellulose (45% to 55%), hemicellulose (25% to 35%), and lignin (20% to 30%) (Deutschmann and Dekker, ; Menon and Rao, ).A prerequisite to increasing maize cobs’ incorporation into pig diets is a clear understanding of their physico   Factor # 1.

Physiological Factors: i. Species: Absolute dose of a drug varies with species as different species are of different sizes, and the amount of drug has to be in proportion to the size of the target species.

Assuming the weight of an average adult dog as 12 kg, the sizes of doses for various species would be:   Probiotics are viable microorganisms with beneficial health effects for humans and animals.

They are formulated into many functional foods and animal feed. There is a growing research interest in the application and benefits of probiotics in ruminant production. Several recent studies have evaluated the potential of probiotics in animal nutrition and :// However, diet is perhaps the most critical factor influencing the gut microflora (1, 85).

Young animals are more affected by dietary manipulations such as its composition, processing, digestibility, and feeding method may disturb the balance in the gut ecosystem, especially in young animals (79, 86–89).

It occurs for various reasons including chemical structure, cooking of food, chemical modification, and food mastication. Human colonic bacteria ferment RS and nonstarch polysaccharides (NSP; major components of dietary fiber) to short-chain Rossi F & De Philippis R (). Exocellular polysaccharides in microalgae and cyanobacteria: chemical features, role and enzymes and genes involved in their biosynthesis.

In The physiology of microalgae (eds. MA Borowitzka, J Beardall & JA Raven), Springer, Cham, pp – Google Scholar   The inner workings of the intestines, in which the body and microbiome intersect to influence gut function and systemic health, remain elusive.

Carbon dioxide, hydrogen, methane and hydrogen Such mechanisms place fiber fermentation by the gut microbiota as a causative factor in obesity. Still, as previously remarked, there is a lack of consistency, different studies show contrasting results by finding either no correlation between fiber and weight gain/obesity, a reverse trend or effects to be substrate dependent [ 12 – 14 ] Conversely, protein fermentation generates harmful metabolites but their relevance to gastrointestinal health is poorly understood.

Aim. To review the effects of increased protein fermentation on biomarkers of colonic health, factors influencing fermentative activity and potential for dietary modulation to minimise detrimental effects.

Methods. IntechOpen is a leading global publisher of Journals and Books within the fields of Science, Technology and Medicine. We are the preferred choice of o authors ://   Mortensen PB, Nordgaard-Andersen I The dependence of the in vitro fermentation of dietary fibre to short-chain fatty acids on the contents of soluble non-starch polysaccharides.

Scand J Gastroenterol 28 For millennia, macrofungi have been widely used in many regions (Chang & Wasser, ).China accounts for >80% of the total global macrofungus production (Table 1).The organoleptic properties of macrofungus and the quest for well‐balanced diets led to a worldwide increase in the consumption of these materials (Wasser, ).Macrofungus production has been the sixth‐largest agricultural